Iraan is a city in Pecos County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,229 at the 2010 census. It was named for Ira and Ann Yates, owners of the ranch land upon which the town was built.
Iraan was an oil boom town, and developed quickly after the discovery of the gigantic Yates Oil Field, which is adjacent to the town on the southwest. The oil field was discovered in 1926, and the first buildings in town were basic housing and infrastructure for workers on the field, all built by the Big Lake Oil Company which became Plymouth Oil Company, which was purchased by the Ohio Oil Company, then purchased by Marathon Oil Company, and owned today by Kinder Morgan. By 1927, the town included a school, and the post office appeared in 1928. The population of the town in 1930 was about 1,600. About 3 mi (5 km) south of Iraan was the oil boomtown of Redbarn, which appeared almost immediately after discovery of the oil field, before Iraan itself. It was a collection of tents and shanties in the immediate vicinity of Ira Yates's ranch. He donated 152 acres (0.62 km²) of his ranch to the town of Iraan to encourage further development there, instead; in 1952, the town of Redbarn, which never had a permanent population more than 75, was finally abandoned.
Iraan is located at 30°54′49″N 101°53′55″W (30.913511, -101.898614). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²), all land. State Highway 349 and U.S. Highway 190 converge at Iraan. The Pecos River loops around the town to the north and east.
At the 2000 census, 1,238 people, 427 households, and 335 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,234.3 per square mile (869.1/km²). The 542 housing units averaged 978.2 per square mile (380.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.00% White, 0.08% African American, 0.08% Native American, 6.22% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 36.51% of the population.
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